What Causes Periodontal Diseases?

What Causes Periodontal Diseases?

Periodontal Disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film that always forming on your teeth. Plaque contains bacteria that can irritate and inflame the gums.

Inflamed gums can pull away from the teeth and from spaces called pockets. These pockets collect more bacteria. If the infected pockets are not treated, the gum disease can get worse.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Periodontal Disease

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection. It affects the tissues and bone that support the teeth.
Healthy gum tissue fit like a cuff around each tooth. When someone has periodontal disease, the gum tissue pulls away from the tooth. As the disease gets worse, the tissue and bone that support the tooth are damaged. Over time, teeth may fall out or need to be removed. Treating periodontal disease in the early stages can help prevent tooth loss.

Periodontal Disease and Whole Body Health

Periodontal disease has been linked to some other diseases. People with diabetes or heart disease are more likely to get periodontal disease. Strokes and high stress also may related to periodontal disease. Researchers are still studying these links.

Digital X-Rays – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

Why are digital X-rays needed?

Many disease of the oral cavity (which includes the teeth and surrounding tissues and bone) cannot be seen when the dentist examines your mouth. An X-Ray exam may help the dentist see:

  • small areas of decay between the teeth or below fillings
  • bone damage from a tooth infection or a cyst
  • bone loss due to periodontal (gum) disease
  • developmental defects
  • some types of tumors
  • the effects of trauma
  • the position of unerupted teeth in children and adults

Finding and treating dental problems at an early stage can save time, money and uneeded discomfort and help prevent more serious health problems. X-ray images may be able to help the dentist detect damage and disease not visible during a regular dental exam.

If you change your dentist, you can usually arrange to have copies of your x-ray images sent from your previous dentist to your new dentist. If you are not able to, your new dentist may take x-rays for the reasons listed above. or so he or she can compare them with future x-ray images.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Is Fluoride Safe – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

More than 65 years of study has shown that water fluoridation is safe. Fluoridation of community water supplies is supported by the American Dental Association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US public Health Service, the American Academy of Pediatrics, etc.

Water Fluoridation

Water fluoridation is the single most effective public health measure to prevent tooth decay. It has been named one of ten great public health achievements of the 20th century by the centers of disease control and prevention. Simply by drinking water, people can benefit from fluoridation’s cavity protection wherever they are.

Bottled Water

The vast majority of bottled waters do not contain levels of fluoride needed to help prevent tooth decay. Check the label and contact the bottler if necessary to learn about the fluoride level of bottled water.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Fluoride – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in all water sources, including the oceans. Research shows that fluoride can prevent cavities in children and adults by making teeth more resistant to the acid attacks that cause cavities. Fluoride also helps repair the early stages of tooth decay even before the decay can be seen.

Teeth can be exposed to fluoride in two ways.

1) When fluoride is swallowed, it is called systemic fluoride. The most common source of systemic fluoride is fluoride in water. Optimal levels of fluoride to prevent decay can occur naturally in water. Some communities adjust the natural level of fluoride to optimal levels in a process called water fluoridation. It can also be prescribed by your dentist.

2) When fluoride is directly applied to the surface of your teeth, it is called topical fluoride. Fluoride tooth paste and mouth rinses sold in stores contain topical fluoride. Professionally applied topical fluoride treatments in the form of gels and varnishes are available from your dentist and is recommended. It is usually covered by the insurance.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Cleaning Your Baby’s Teeth- A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

After each feeding, it is recommended to wipe the baby’s gums with a clean and damp gauze pad or washcloth. This will remove plaque and bits of food that can potentially harm the erupting teeth.

When the baby teeth begin to erupt, brush them gently with a child sized toothbrush and water. Position your child so that you can see into the mouth easily.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Your Child’s First Teeth – Bottle – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

Tooth decay can happen as soon as the baby’s teeth come in. Decay in children teeth can lead to cavities and pain. Left untreated, it can destroy the teeth of an infant or young child.

Babies have a higher risk for decay if their teeth are in contact with sugary liquids often or for long periods of time. These include fruit juice and soda. Bacteria in the mouth feed on the sugar in the drinks and the bacteria releases acids to attack teeth.

Never put your baby to bed with a bottle or use a bottle as a pacifier. Do not dip the pacifier in sugar/honey. Do not put it in your mouth either before giving to the baby. Cavity causing bacteria in your mouth can be passed to your baby.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Your Child’s First Teeth – Teething – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

Teething

As teeth begin to erupt, some children may have sore or tender gums. Rubbing the gums will a clean wet gauze or finger may help. A clean, chilled teething ring may also help. However, do not did it in sugar, syrup, honey, or other foods.

Gels or creams with benzocaine should not be used to soothe sore gums in babies younger than 2 years old. Benzocaine can cause serious reactions in some children. It can be found in a number of over the counter products. Please read the labels.

If the child is till cranky and uncomfortable while teething, please consult your pediatrician.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Your Child’s First Teeth – Why Important – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

Your child’s baby teeth help your child chew and speak normally. They will also hold space in the jaws for the adult teeth that come in later. Starting infants with good oral care can help protect their teeth for decades to come.

A baby’s teeth start to erupt when the baby is about 6 months old. By the age of 3, most children will have a full set of 20 primary teeth. These primary teeth will be lost starting at age of 6, to give space for permanent teeth. By the age of 21, a person usually have a full set of adult teeth.

The picture below shows the names of baby teeth. It also depicts when each baby tooth will usually erupts and is shed. Notice that not all children get the same teeth at the same times. Your child may have teeth come in earlier or later than the time shown.

Baby Primary Teeth

Baby Primary Teeth

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.

Flossing is Important for Your Child’s Teeth – A Smile Pediatric Dentistry Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, Carrollton, Dallas

Flossing is Important for Your Child’s Teeth

Flossing is very important for your child’s teeth. While brushing can clean the surface of the teeth, it cannot reach between the teeth.

At A Smile Pediatric Dentistry, we recommend parents to use dental floss to remove bits of food and plaque from under the gumline and between the teeth for your child, everyday. If you have trouble using a floss, you can use a dental flosser (with handle and special picks). These are available in most grocery stores or pharmacies in the Plano, Frisco, Allen area.

A Smile Pediatric Dentistry proudly serves children in Plano, Frisco, Allen, McKinney, and surrounding areas.

If you have any questions, please feel free to call or visit us.